Executive functioning, or what I like to call the conductor of the brain, is the process of the mind gathering together and making sense of all the information we receive from our instruments or senses. Helping us to create meaning from what we see, hear, touch, taste and experience, executive functioning also allows us to focus our attention, think about new information, and make connections to what we already know.
Many teachers and parents have trouble understanding how simple tasks such as remembering appointments, using an agenda or turning in assignments can be difficult, but unfortunately these and other similar tasks can be extremely challenging for some individuals. However, the good news is the part of the brain that manages executive functioning, which is called the frontal lobe, continues to develop through high school and college. Therefore, many kids that struggle with executive functioning can significantly improve their abilities.
You Might have Executive Functioning if:
Here are 11 common signs of executive functioning disorder:
- You have trouble maintaining a planner or agenda for recording assignments.
- You often forget papers, notebooks and other materials needed for school or homework.
- You have a hard time estimating how long a task or project will take.
- You have trouble starting your homework independently.
- You are easily distracted.
- You have a hard time keeping track of your possessions and often lose important materials.
- You have trouble listening to and following multistep directions.
- You have trouble transitioning from one task to another.
- You have trouble keeping appointments.
- You have trouble keeping your bedroom and bookbag organized.
What are Some Common Myths and Truths?
Myth: Kids with executive functioning weaknesses are lazy and unmotivated.
Truth: Most of these kids are motivated and hard-working, but they have trouble maintaining attention and stamina. As a result, these students are often misread and misunderstood. It is important to realize that weak executive functioning skills are NOT the result of laziness, lack of effort, or carelessness. In fact, criticizing these learners and providing negative feedback and pressure often worsens these difficulties and can trigger feelings of helplessness.
Myth: ADHD and executive functioning issues are the same.
Truth: Attention is only one small piece of the executive functioning skills that the brain performs. Therefore, some kids with executive functioning challenges do not have ADHD. Likewise, there are some kids with ADHD that do not struggle with other areas of executive functioning such as planning, time management and organization. What the research is discovering, however, is that there is a positive correlation between those with ADHD and executive functioning disorder.
Myth: All kids should be able to learn executive functioning skills.
Truth: Just like some kids are blind or paralyzed, other kids have learning disabilities that make executive functioning extremely difficult. In fact, some individuals have such a difficult time with executive functioning skills, they require support from technology and people (such as personal assistants or secretaries) throughout their life.
Myth: Kids can't get school accommodations for executive functioning problems.
Truth: With proper testing, many of these kids are diagnosed with a learning disability or ADHD. With a diagnosis, students can get an individualized education program (IEP) or 504 plan that can offer reasonable accommodations.
What Can be Done to Assist These Capable Learners?
1. Maintain a structured, daily routine.
2. Teach them how to set priorities.
3. Generate a consistent homework plan.
4. Break large assignments into manageable tasks.
5. Make to-do lists.
6. Demonstrate time management skills by generating self imposed deadlines.
7. Teach study skills and test taking strategies.
8. Provide incentives and positive reinforcement.
9. Utilize graphic organizers for planning ideas and writing.
10. Teach metacognitive skills by thinking through thought processes aloud.
11. Be patient and supportive.
Where Can I Get Ready Made Materials and Exercises that Help Develop These Skills?
The Executive Functioning Cognitive Remedial Bundle offers a comprehensive approach to improving a student’s planning, time management and organization abilities. This bundle offers a discounted suite of downloadable activities, games, and handouts that were designed to help learning specialists, educational therapist and even parents assist students in developing executive functioning skills. To get a free sampling of activities from one of the publications in the bundle, CLICK HERE
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials. She is also the director of Learning to Learn and Learning Specialist Courses. To learn more about her products and services, you can go to http://www.learningspecialistcourses.com/, https://godyslexia.com/, www.goodsensorylearning.com, www.dyslexiamaterials.com & www.learningtolearn.biz