Some students struggle academically for the first time when concepts move from concrete ideas to abstract ways of thinking. This happens because they have weaknesses in higher order language skills. Higher order language skills, also called higher level language or metalinguistic skills, refers to advanced language processing that is an expected competence in middle school and high school. It requires both abstract and deductive verbal reasoning skills as well as the understanding of advanced vocabulary, and word relationships.
What are the Common Difficulties Associated with Higher Order Language Skills?
When a student has difficulty with higher order language skills, they may struggle with any of the following:
- Making connections and associations between words, sentences, or stories
- Implied meaning or inferences
- Social pragmatics skills
- Oral and written comprehension
- Writing skills
- Main ideas and details
- Jokes, riddles, and humor
- Writing summaries and paraphrasing
- Sequencing events
- Cause and effect
- Predicting outcomes
Appropriate intervention allows students to develop the core cognitive skills and language-rich activities and games can help them master these abstract concepts. If you would like ready-made materials that can help strengthen these skills, consider my Higher Order Language Skills Bundle. This bundle offers a discounted price on a grouping of my popular publications. Click on the image below to learn more.
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials. She is also the director of Learning to Learn and Go Dyslexia, in Ossining, NY. To learn more about her products and services, you can go to https://godyslexia.com/, www.goodsensorylearning.com, www.dyslexiamaterials.com & www.learningtolearn.biz