Over the years, my students have come to sessions seeking help with literary devices. They have expressed confusion over the terms: literary devices, literary terms, literary elements and figurative language, and they also struggle with the many definitions.
What are Literary Devices, Literary Terms, Literary Elements and Figurative Language?
- Literary Devices are creative writing strategies used by an author to convey his or her message(s). When used well, literary devices help readers to visualize, interpret and analyze literary texts. There are two kinds: literary techniques (which includes figurative language) and literary elements.
- Literary Techniques are words or phrases in texts of literature that writers use to achieve artistic or creative expression. Literary techniques also help readers to visualize, understand and appreciate literature.
- Literary Elements are components or pieces that make up a story or literary work.
- Figurative Language is the creative use of words and phrases that offers a hidden meaning beyond any literal interpretation.
How Can Students Understand the Global Concept?
I created an image to help students “see” the big picture as well as understand the individual components. Although I have not included all possible literary devices, I have included what I believe to be the most common ones. I hope you agree.
Click Here to download a free copy of this image.
If you are also interested in a comprehensive publication that also offers students additional printables, a multisensory activity and a game, Click Here