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Wednesday, August 30, 2017

How to Identify Slow Processing Speed in your Child

How to Identify Slow Processing Speed in your Child
This week I am thrilled to feature a blog by the Founder and President of LearningWorks for Kids, Randy Kulman, Ph.D.  

It can be very difficult to identify slow processing speed in your child. Many kids who process information slowly initially appear to be frustrated, unmotivated, and disinterested. A child’s reaction to difficulty in processing information is often more noticeable than the slow pace at which he completes tasks. As a result, many kids with slow processing speed are misidentified as lazy and indifferent about achieving goals. However, the reality is that many of these kids just require more time to take in information, do something with that information in their brain, and then produce a result. They find themselves falling behind their peers, seeming to take forever to do schoolwork, and feeling frustrated in their ability to show what they know.

If you have a child who is not reaching his or her potential, who is clearly very knowledgeable but performs poorly in school, he or she might be displaying signs of slow processing speed. If this is the case, the first step is to pursue a comprehensive neuropsychological evaluation, which can help assess processing speed and other executive-functioning issues that undermine bright kids’ performance in school.  Once slow processing speed has been identified as a concern, there are many types of strategies, accommodations, and training techniques that can address this difficulty. While these interventions may not ignite lightning fast speed in your child’s processing, they will likely increase speed of processing and, perhaps more importantly, bring about a positive view on school performance. Understanding slow processing can radically improve a child's sense of self-esteem, willingness to put in the time needed to complete a task, and capacity to see his or her strengths and skills.

Here are a few things that we suggest to help a child with slow processing speed:

  1. Focus on understanding rather than changing your child: While we have many strategies that can improve processing speed, it is more important that a child not blame himself for going slowly. Instead, help the child understand that some things may simply take longer to do than fellow peers.
  2. Help your child to feel positively about himself: Demonstrate that difficulty in keeping up with the pace of schoolwork and other activities is not the result of a lack of ability or intelligence. Help your child to see many areas in life and work where working slowly and effectively are more important than working quickly.
  3. Use targeted remedial learning tools to improve processing speed: Once you have identified if slow processing speed is related to input of information, actual time needed to think, or output of information, remediation tools can be applied. While these targeted remedial learning tools can gradually improve slow processing speed, accommodations will still be necessary for many kids.  
  4. Find technologies that will help your child improve slow processing speed:  Twenty-first century kids are fortunate because of the increase in technologies that can improve processing speed (think about processing speed and computers). Some of the best technologies to improve processing speed include keyboards, dictation skills and apps, as well as technologies that help children to time themselves.
  5. Pay attention to the moment: Help your child to focus on work well done rather than fast completion of assignments. At the same time, teach your child strategies for improved task initiation and time management to help with work efficiency. It may also be useful to consult with the school regarding accommodations such as extended time for  assignments and tests. Other common approaches in the school setting include reduction in the amount of work that is required, elimination of the need for note taking, and provision of extended time in the classroom for quizzes and test. While all of these accommodations can be useful, it is equally important to help the child recognize the importance of sustained effort and attention.

Clearly, processing speed is an important skill for students to master, and there are many tools and strategies that can assist struggling students master this needed skill.

Randy is the Founder and President of LearningWorks for Kids  http://learningworksforkids.com/ , an educational technology company that specializes in using video games to teach executive-functioning and academic skills. For the past 25 years, Dr. Kulman has also been the Clinical Director and President of South County Child and Family Consultants, a multidisciplinary group of private practitioners that specializes in assessment and interventions for children with learning disorders and attention difficulties.

Additionally, Dr. Kulman is the author of numerous essays and book chapters on the use of digital technologies for improving executive-functioning skills in children. His current research projects include the development of a parent and teacher scale for assessing executive-functioning skills in children and a large survey study examining how children with ADHD and Autism use popular video games and apps. He is an advisor and occasional writer for ADDitude Magazine, Commonsensemedia.org, Toca Boca and also writes columns for Inside ADHD and the South County Independent.  He is the author of two books;  Train Your Brain for Success: A Teenager’s Guide to Executive Functions and Playing Smarter in a Digital World.

Wednesday, August 23, 2017

Soothe Your Students and Increase Homework Productivity

When students are spent and stressed from a long day at school, it can be a chore to get them to complete their homework. So how can one entice these passive, unmotivated learners to pick up the pencil and mindfully coast through their assignments?

Working as a learning specialist and educational therapist, I meet with most of my students for a single hour each week. Therefore, it is imperative that I use every minute of my session wisely. It took me some time to realize that, for some students, it is a fruitless and frustrating chore to push them to plow through assignments. For these students, I need to commence at a slow pace and pause for 5 to 10 minutes, before they are encouraged to plunge into the pool of school work.

What Gets in the Way?
There are a number of hurdles that can topple a student session.
  • Low stamina: Many students are cognitively spent after a day of school.
  • Poor motivation: Some students have little to no interest in completing homework.
  • Attention issues: Some students struggle with attentional difficulties, and if they are fatigued after a long day of school their ability to focus is further compromised.

What Can Be Done to Soothe your Students and Charge Cognition?
My favorite strategy is allowing learners a few minutes to interact with my Zen Table. The Zen Table is a piece of furniture that holds deep recesses that house a variety of tactile manipulatives such as sand, beans, lentils, rocks, and magnets. I have two distinct sides to my table. On one side I have mung beans and magnets, and on the other I have lentils and rocks. Many of my students gravitate to this place where we can let the stress of the day “dribble out of our fingertips” as we gather our thoughts, connect and create intentions, talk about the day, and plan our approach.

I found my Zen Table on Overstock about ten years ago, but I have also created them in crates, large Tupperware bins, chests and boxes.  If you look for coffee tables with storage, you can find a number of options.  As another possibility, you can create your own Zen Table with these free plans. This option is particularly cool as it features a chalkboard for the top of the table, which can be used to brainstorm ideas or draw out goals.

Other Strategies that Can Help
There are a number of other tricks I can employ when antsy or apathetic students come to a session.
  • Play Upbeat Music: One of my favorite gadgets at work is the Amazon Echo which I have recently upgraded to the Amazon Show.  This voice activated device can play a tune upon command as well as perform many other skills. With many motivating songs, there is a multitude of options.  For example, I always begin one of my student sessions with the song Happy by Pharrell Williams.  It’s an opportunity for us to elevate our mood and move our bodies.
  • Offer a Kinesthetic or Brain Break: Spending a minute or so bouncing on my Zenergy Ball chairs or doing exercises like jumping jacks can pull most students out of a slump.
  • Conduct a 3 minute Muse session: For my students that struggle with focusing issues, I have found my Muse is my go-to device.  The Muse is an app and headset that can walks students through guided, mindful meditations while providing constant biofeedback on their level of attention.

As each student has their own motivating triggers, I encourage you to consult with each student and tailor an individual approach.
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials.  She is also the director of Learning to Learn and Go Dyslexia, in Ossining, NY.  To learn more about her products and services, you can go to https://godyslexia.com/, www.goodsensorylearning.com, www.dyslexiamaterials.com & www.learningtolearn.biz  
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Wednesday, August 16, 2017

7 Mindful Methods Boost Sensory Processing for Improved Learning

An awesome sunset will likely capture one’s attention for a minute or two, but much of our sensory processing information remains overlooked. Although we are subconsciously processing our surroundings with our senses so that we can navigate our environment, being consciously aware of this sensory input is less common.

I’ll never forget a seventh grade student, Mary, that I had in a study skills course. One afternoon, she came bursting into the classroom and eagerly shared a profound revelation. Mary had consciously decided to focus her attention and listen in class, and she was astonished at how easy it was to learn.

Individuals of all ages have the ability to get “lost in thoughts,” and these distractions can be past experiences, future predictions, fantasies, worries, or even new and creative ideas. In fact, many of us are so tangled in the past and the future, that we miss the present moment. Students that struggle with processing sensory information in the moment are often diagnosed with Sensory Processing Disorder and or Attention Deficit Disorder. Mary had been diagnosed with the later, and she had learned to mindfully address her learning challenge. Whether students struggle with these diagnoses or not, teaching them to be aware of the here and now can provide them the metacognitive skills to maximize their potential.

There is currently a growing movement in America called “Mindfulness.” The idea is to live in the here and now, and this mindset and embedded strategies can benefit students as well as their teachers, and parents. In fact, if a teacher or parent chooses to teach these skills, they will have to master the process themselves. To do this, one must learn to mindfully tap awareness into one’s senses.

Mindful Sensory Activities that Improve Attention and Learning

Being fully aware of your senses can be a great way to manage attention and capacity to learn. Here are my favorite sensory strategies that you can implement yourself or teach youngsters so they can improve attention, metacognition and learning at large:

  1. Visual: I believe that visualization is a secret weapon to maximizing learning potential. Mental imagery is a key ingredient to improving working memory as well as emotional intelligence and attentional skills. I have found that the best way to teach visualization is through games and mindful discussions. To help with this process, I wrote a book entitled Mindful Visualization for Education. If you would like to read more about this product and the research behind it, CLICK HERE
  2. Auditory: Mindfully addressing your inner voice, the words we hear in our own heads, is another powerful tool for managing sensory input and improving cognition. This is also another key ingredient to improving working memory as well as attentional skills. Mindful task cards can be used to help students change their inner voice from a critic to a cheerleader. 
  3. Tactile: Touch is another sensation that can be used to improve learning. In fact, tactile learners find that feeling and manipulating items in their surroundings can help them to encoding information into their memory banks. This might, for example, include writing out information that needs to be learned, doodling, physically mapping out ideas with sticky notes, using manipulatives like an abacus, or conducting hands on experiments. I also use a tactile Zen Table in my office to help to soothe and calm students that are feeling spent or agitated. Another option I like is to provide a balloon to my students and encourage them to blow their worries into the balloon. After that, we can let the air out or we can tie it and pop it! 
  4. Taste: Helping students to be mindful of what they eat can be a game changer. Healthy food can feed the brain, whereas junk food can trigger brain fog. For example, we need B vitamins (from foods like organic eggs, fish and cheese) for healthy nerves and brain cells. In addition, research suggests that blueberries can provide antioxidants for improved memory. Furthermore, vitamin C has long been thought to have the power to increase mental agility. Some of the best sources of this vitamin are blackcurrants, red peppers, citrus fruits and broccoli. Finally, pumpkin seeds are rich in zinc. This valuable mineral enhances memory and thinking skills. 
  5. Smell: Familiar aromas can trigger an emotional response in just about anyone. It might be the wafting scent of pot roast, a loved one’s perfume, or a pathway of fragrant Lily of the Valley on a Spring morning. One can bring soothing scents into a session, and many experts in the field of aromatherapy suggest that essential oils can be used to help with concentration, memory, and more. Essential oils can even be tried to manage stress
  6. Kinesthetics or movement of the body: For many students movement and exercise promotes learning. In fact, research suggests that regular exercise improves cognitive function, slows down the mental aging process and helps us process information more effectively. I love to integrate movement into almost all my sessions. Even if it means that we are simply maintaining an active core while sitting on a ball-chair
  7. Interoception: Interoception describes our awareness and sensitivity to internal body sensations such as pain, temperature, itch, hunger, thirst, and breathlessness. Emotions often arise from our interoceptive sensations, too. When someone asks how you feel, you often check-in with your body. Body scan and breathing meditations can be a wonderful way to help students to mindfully become aware of stress and negative sensations in their body so that they can make a conscious effort to manage their reactions and release, for example, muscle tension. Changing the body's reaction to the brain and also making a conscious effort to breathe can have a profound impact on learning. Again, my Mindful Tasks Cards can help students manage their internal body sensations as well as their emotions. 
I hope you found this helpful. I’d love to hear your thoughts.
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials.  She is also the director of Learning to Learn and Go Dyslexia, in Ossining, NY.  To learn more about her products and services, you can go to https://godyslexia.com/, www.goodsensorylearning.com, www.dyslexiamaterials.com & www.learningtolearn.biz  
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Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Empowering Students: Pay Attention and You Will Find the Magic

Empowering Students: Pay Attention and You Will Find the Magic
As a learning specialist and educational therapist, I find an individualized approach for each of my students is key. I often begin by giving the Eclectic Teaching Profile, which is an assessment that comes with the Eclectic Teaching Approach, but I also pay careful attention to my student’s mannerisms, sense of humor, and passions when creating a tailored intervention.

Just this past week, I was working with Olivia, a 10-year-old that will be entering the 5th grade this fall. In school, Olivia has struggled with maintaining attention, reading comprehension, multi-step directions, and math. This student is a vivacious and voracious learner who loves color and order.  In fact, this past week, Olivia eagerly showed me a strategy that she created to organize her iPhone, and quite frankly, it blew me away. It is not only an approach that I am now using myself, but it provides a wonderful glimpse on how I can best serve the needs of this creative learner.  

What is Olivia’s Ingenious Approach to Organizing Iphone Apps?
Olivia came up with a “Rainbow Approach” to arranging her apps, and her technique is spreading like wildfire as her friends are asking her to duplicate it on their devices.  Olivia quickly organized my apps this way, and when a friend of mine saw it, she implored that I help her to reorganize her iPhone this way too.

Here are the Steps to Olivia’s Approach:
  1. Look at each app icon and organize similar colors into the same folder. This can be done by holding your finger down on an app icon until all the icons wiggle. Then, click and drag icons of similar color on top of one another. This will create a folder.  Next, click and drag other apps of a similar color into that folder.
  2. Once you have all the app icons organized into color coded folders, drag the folders and organize the colors in the sequence of the rainbow: red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet.  You can also arrange black apps as well as white and gray apps into their own folders.  
  3. When apps are multicolored, Olivia suggests placing this in the “rainbow folder.”
  4. You can label the folders with a word, but Olivia uses emojis of the same color to define the folder.  For example, Olivia helped me select a red apple for my red folder, a blue raindrop for my blue folder, and a lemon for my yellow folder.  Of course, the rainbow folder features a rainbow emoji.  
  5. Organize the color-coded apps in each folder, so that the ones you use the most are featured first.

Why Do I Like this Approach?
It’s a quick, no-brainer, and clutter free way to see all your apps on one page. Even if you did not recognize the apps icon color in the past, it doesn’t take long to learn the system and accessing them for future use proves quick and effective.

How Can I Apply Olivia’s Approach to Her Academics?
Olivia’s approach to organizing her iPhone, provides great information about how she likes to process information. Clearly, Olivia likes to see the “big picture” and enjoys a simultaneous approach that categorizes information.  In addition, Olivia loves color, and this can be a useful way to organize multi-step directions and step by step approaches to learning.  Here is how I can apply it to academics.
  1. Break the steps required to do math problems into a color coded (rainbow) approach.  This is what we did for an order of operations math lesson and this made the activity, fun and memorable for Olivia.
  2. Map out assignments so that Olivia can see the whole approach.  Use color to designate any sequence.
  3. Bring color into all assignments and activities.  Olivia absolutely loves the Frixion markers and using them really brings the fun factor into our lessons.
  4. Use Frixion markers to underline and annotate readings.  If Olivia has reading comprehension questions, she can underline each question a different color.  When she finds the lines in her reading that answer a specific question, she can underline it the same color as the question.
  5. When writing, Olivia can use what I call, Color Coded Writing.  This is great for any research based writing.  Each paragraph is assigned a color. When a student finds information that he or she wants to use in a specific paragraph, the key text is underlined in the same color.

Allowing students to be the captain of their remedial approach not only makes the process fun and creative, but you will be honoring their most comfortable way of processing.  What’s more, you will get them actively involved and invested in the learning process.  Maybe you will even find your student’s genius qualities, as I did with Olivia, and start to employ their strategies in your own life.
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials.  She is also the director of Learning to Learn and Go Dyslexia, in Ossining, NY.  To learn more about her products and services, you can go to https://godyslexia.com/, www.goodsensorylearning.com, www.dyslexiamaterials.com & www.learningtolearn.biz  

Thursday, August 3, 2017

Language Processing Disorder: 12 Easy Steps to Boost Receptive Language

Empowering Students: Pay Attention and You Will Find the Magic
The spoken word gives human’s an incredible advantage over other species, but for those that struggle with language processing, this “invisible difficulty,” can create countless challenges.  What’s more, this problem often goes unnoticed and many of these students are misunderstood and mislabeled as inattentive, careless, lazy absent-minded, and defiant.

What is a Language Processing Disorder?
Language processing disorders are not uncommon, and it is a difficulty that impacts communication and social relations. This disorder can impact a student’s ability to understand language (receptive language) and/or express their thoughts (expressive language). Like many cognitive based challenges, it can manifest in a variety of ways. One student might struggle to outline their thoughts, while another might battle with accessing the right word or name from their memory banks, following a sequence of directives, or even maintaining attention. In addition, a student may experience difficulties with either receptive language or expressive language.  Some struggle with a combination: expressive/receptive language disorder.

Signs and Symptoms of Language Processing Difficulties
There are a number of signs and symptoms that can serve as red flags for language processing problems.

Common Expressive Language Difficulties:
  • Develops the ability to speak later than most youngsters
  • Struggles with weak vocabulary and learning new words
  • Confusions with verb tenses
  • Frustrates with word finding difficulties
  • Troubles communicating thoughts
  • Jumbles words and says things that are nonsensical
  • Repeats themselves when telling stories or answering questions
  • Difficulties expressing ideas in writing

Common Receptive Language Difficulties:
  • Appears disinterested or distracted when in conversation or social interactions
  • Misinterprets or misunderstands verbal or written directives
  • Appears shy or withdrawn
  • Struggles understanding sarcasm or jokes
  • Difficulties with reading comprehension
  • Troubles telling jokes

Getting Tested for Language Processing Disorders
If the warning signs listed above describe a child, the next step is to pursue an evaluation. You can acquire testing with a local speech and language pathologist, or if the child is in school, one can request that the local public school conduct a free evaluation.  Even if the child is in a private school, testing can be requested at your local school district.

12 Easy Treatment Options for Language Processing Disorders
If a language disorder is present or suspected, individual sessions with a speech and language professional or educational therapist can help develop the needed skills.  As another option, you can acquire tools that can help to develop these skills.  Here are 12 different resources. If you select the title, you can learn more about these products.
  1. Speech and Language Bundle
  2. Following Directions Bundle
  3. Reversing Reversals Primary
  4. Making Inferences the Fun and Easy Way
  5. Word Shuffle
  6. Hey, What's the Big Idea
  7. The Main I-Deer
  8. 5 Ws Detectives
  9. Show Don't Tell
  10. Abstract Thinking and Multiple Meanings
  11. Categorizing, paragraph Building and Transitional Words Activities
  12. Memory Master
I hope you found this blog helpful!  If you have any questions, feel free to reach out and contact me at erica@goodsensorylearning.com.
Dr. Erica Warren is the author, illustrator and publisher of multisensory educational materials at Good Sensory Learning and Dyslexia Materials.  She is also the director of Learning to Learn and Go Dyslexia, in Ossining, NY.  To learn more about her products and services, you can go to https://godyslexia.com/, www.goodsensorylearning.com, www.dyslexiamaterials.com & www.learningtolearn.biz  

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