Inferences are often tricky to teach and challenging for students to learn. They are abstract notions or concepts that are implied through language or images. Therefore, concrete ways of learning have to be placed aside and students have to learn to uncover hidden messages. Personally, I like to use advertisements for my lessons.
Here are a number of strategies that can help you to teach this skill:
1) Magazine advertisements often have hidden messages to help entice buyers. Look at magazine ads and discuss the inferences. Consider the colors, backgrounds, expressions, layouts and more.
2) Likewise, billboards offer inferences. Look at all the details in the image and discuss what the billboards are trying to sell and what in the images makes you want to buy that product.
3) Similarly, television commercials can offer some wonderful opportunities for students to practice their inference skills. Again, ask yourself what they are wanting you to buy and what strategies they use to tempt possible customers.
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